HomeCivil EngineeringIntroduction And Types of Maintenance of Building With Full Details

Introduction And Types of Maintenance of Building With Full Details

Introduction And Types of Maintenance of Building With Full Details

After the construction of the building is completed, some defects appear in the building due to various reasons. Once buildings are built, if they are not cleaned and maintained, their usability decreases, and users of the building face difficulties. For this purpose, routine repairs and special repairs of buildings are carried out. Introduction And Types of Maintenance of Building With Full Details |Introduction Of Maintenance Of Buildings |Objectives of Building Maintenance |Types of Buildings Maintenance |Routine Maintenance |Special Maintenance |Annual Repair |Quadrennial Maintenance |Objectives of Building Maintenance.

Introduction Of Maintenance Of Buildings

Once buildings are built, if they are not cleaned and maintained, their usability decreases, and users of the building face difficulties. For this purpose, routine repairs and special repairs of buildings are carried out. General maintenance of buildings includes annual repair and quadrennial repair. Annual repairs include whitewashing and paint work on the building. Annual repairs also included damaged floor parts, polishing of terrazzo flooring, and repair of damaged door parts. Removal of the old door and window paint, uprooting of damaged floor parts, cleaning and re-plastering of damaged parts of plaster, and replacement of damaged parts of doors and windows are included in the quadrennial repair. Special repairs include replacing damaged floors or damaged roofs, replacing doors and windows, fixing concrete joints, and taking steps to control termites. In addition, the old buildings are made modern and elegant by providing modern materials and facilities. This is called the renovation of the building.

Maintenance Of Buildings

After the construction of the building is completed, some defects appear in the building due to various reasons. Some steps are taken to rectify these shortcomings. These measures are called building maintenance.

Objectives of Building Maintenance

1. To protect the building from further damage.

2. Strengthening the building.

3. To increase the usable age of the building.

4. Making buildings usable.

5. Maintain the building by the principles of hygiene.

6. To keep the building clean.

7. To make the building beautiful.

8. To adapt the building to the growing needs.

Types of Buildings Maintenance

The following are the types of building maintenance.

1- Routine Maintenance
2-Special Maintenance

1- Routine Maintenance

To maintain the building in its original condition and follow the principles of hygiene, repairs are done after certain intervals are called routine maintenance. This usually involves two

types of repairs.

A. Annual Repair

B. Quadrennial Maintenance

Annual Repair

The building is repaired every year. This is called an annual repair. One to one and a half 1 to 1.5 percent of the actual cost of the building is allocated for annual repairs. The following types of work are done in it.

1. Whitewashing the building

2 Colour washing

3. Distempering the building

4. Painting doors and windows

5. Repair the surface of the damaged plaster

6. Repair the damaged pointing

7. Repair the damaged surface of the floor

8. Remove stains from concrete, chips, and mosaic floors

9. Chips and mosaic floor polishing

10. Fixing rotten parts of wooden floors

11. Replace broken glass with new ones in doors and windows

12. Repairing damaged wood fittings

13. Fixing nails at hinges on doors and windows

14. Chimney and gutter cleaning etc.

Quadrennial Repair

In addition to the annual repairs, the building is extensively repaired every four years, with it the following types of work carried out.

1. Remove the old paint from doors and windows and apply new paint

2. Scraping and re-plastering the plastered damaged surface

3. Repairing the damaged part of the concrete floor

4. Repairing the damaged part of the chips and mosaic floor

5. Replacing the upper surface of wooden floors

6. Replacing damaged parts of doors and windows

2-Special Maintenance

In this type, the building is repaired after a long time or to deal with an emergency. For example, special care is taken if part of the building is damaged due to flooding or heavy rainfall.

addition, this situation can occur in the event of an earthquake. This type of repair involves the following types of work.

Replacing the entire floor or part of the floor.

Repairing concrete joints Prevent water dripping from the roof.

Replace windows or doors and skylights completely or with damaged parts

Strengthening the damaged foundation of the building.

Laying a new layer of DPC.

Filling cracks in the walls.

Controlling termites.

Repairing wet floor.

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